The History of Vice President’s Office

The United Republic of Tanzania was formed on 26th April, 1964. After the Union, the late Mwl. Julius Kambarage Nyerere became the first President of the United Republic of Tanzania and Sheikh Abeid Karume became the First Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of Zanzibar and Chairman of the Revolutionary Council. The late Rashidi Mfaume Kawawa became the second Vice President of Tanzania and leader of Government business in the National Assembly.

In 1992, Tanzania adopted a Multiparty Democracy System which necessitated major Constitutional amendments. These amendments addressed the issue of Vice President and the system of running mate was introduced that paired a presidential and Vice Presidential candidate. This meant that, the President of Zanzibar ceased being an automatic Vice President of the Union but became a member of the Union Cabinet.

LEADERS WHO HELD THE POSITION OF THE VICE PRESIDENT SINCE 1964

1. The late Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume The first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar. 1964 – 1972
2. Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi The first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar. 1972 – 1984
3. The late Rashid Mfaume Kawawa The Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania and the second Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 1964 – 1977
4. Ali Hassan Mwinyi The first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar. 1984 – 1985
5. The late Idris Abdul Wakil The second Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar. 1985 – 1990
6. Retired Judge Joseph Sinde Warioba The Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania and the first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 1985 – 1990
7. John Samwel Malecela The Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania and the first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 1990 – 1994
8. Cleopa David Msuya The Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania and the first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 1994 – 1995
9. The late Dr. Omar Ali Juma The Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 1995 – 2001
10. Dr. Ali Mohamed Shein The Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 2001 – 2010
11. Dr. Mohammed Gharib Billal The Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania 2010 – 2015
12. Samia Suluhu Hassan The Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania

2015 – To date